What are the most common types of oak used for winemaking?
There are three species of oak used in winemaking:
- Quercus alba, the American oak.
- Quercus sessilis (aka Quercus petraea), the French oak of eastern France and central Europe.
- Quercus robur, the oak of western France, also known as the English oak.
How many times can you use an oak barrel?
By law, a barrel can be used just one time to distill bourbon in the US, despite the fact that these well-crafted barrels have a “lifespan” of up to 60 years.
How long will an oak barrel last?
If you look after your barrel, it could last for 8 to 10 years. Never let your barrel dry out, and follow our Oak Barrel Care Guide for full details.
What is the difference between American and French oak?
French oak (particularly Quercus Petraea) is much tighter grained and less dense than the American Quercus Alba. As such French oak imparts more subtle flavors and firmer, but silkier tannins. … American oak tends to impart more obvious, stronger and sweeter aromas and flavors.
How do you use oak cubes in wine?
To use oak chips, sanitize them in a 1 gallon of water with 2 oz of metabisulfite dissolved in it. Let them soak for 20 mins then strain with a sanitized strainer and add to your wine. Add oak chips to your wine after it has been racked for bulk aging.
What does oak do to red wine?
How Do Oak Barrels Help Wine? Oak offers three major contributions to wine: It adds flavor compounds–including aromas of vanilla, clove, smoke and coconut. It allows the slow ingress of oxygen–a process which makes wine taste smoother and less astringent.
Is Pinot Noir aged in oak?
Pinot Noir can be delicate and fresh, or rich and oak-aged. You can serve lighter wines closer to 55°F, and fuller-bodied Pinots closer to 65°F.