Is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome an intellectual disability?

Is FASD and intellectual disability?

Learning problems: Children with FASD can have cognitive abilities ranging from severe intellectual disability to above average intellectual ability. Many children with FASD have normal intelligence.

What type of disability is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome?

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), including Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and related disorders such as Alcohol Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND) are the most common form of developmental disability and birth defects in the western world.

How does fetal alcohol syndrome affect intellectual development?

movement and balance problems. learning difficulties – such as problems with thinking, speech, social skills, timekeeping, maths or memory. issues with attention, concentration or hyperactivity. problems with the liver, kidneys, heart or other organs.

Is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome a learning disability?

According to the British Medical Association, FASD is in fact the most common, non-genetic cause of learning disability in the UK, although it is often misdiagnosed as autism, Asperger Syndrome or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

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Does FASD get worse with age?

Many of physical, brain, and neurobehavioral features that are present in children with FASDs will endure to adulthood. However, some features may diminish or change over time.

Does FAS cause mental retardation?

Today, FAS remains the leading known preventable cause of mental retardation (3). Behavioral and neurological problems associated with prenatal alcohol exposure may lead to poor academic performance as well as legal and employment difficulties in adolescence and adulthood (4).

What are the characteristics of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?


  • Distinctive facial features, including small eyes, an exceptionally thin upper lip, a short, upturned nose, and a smooth skin surface between the nose and upper lip.
  • Deformities of joints, limbs and fingers.
  • Slow physical growth before and after birth.
  • Vision difficulties or hearing problems.

How do you know if your child has fetal alcohol syndrome?

Behavioral and Intellectual Signs

There are many other facial and other physical abnormalities that children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders may exhibit, including growth deficiencies, skeletal deformities, organ deformities, and central nervous system handicaps.

What are the 4 criteria necessary for a fetal alcohol syndrome diagnosis?

The four broad areas of clinical features that constitute the diagnosis of FAS have remained essentially the same since first described in 1973: selected facial malformations, growth retardation, Central Nervous System (CNS) abnormalities, and maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy.

How do you discipline a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?

Use a safe place: Give your child a place to calm down, express anger or frustration where he is not penalized for acting out. Create a phrase to cue your child to use this space, e.g., “Take space”. Be consistent: Use firm limits and clear consequences for all misbehaviour.

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At what age can Fetal alcohol syndrome be diagnosed?

In the most severely affected children, FAS can be diagnosed at birth, however, the characteristic physical features are most pronounced between eight months and eight years of age.

What is the life expectancy of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?

Results: The life expectancy at birth of people with FAS was 34 years (95% confidence interval: 31 to 37 years), which was about 42% of that of the general population.