The Oenophiliac

A Wine Writers View on the World of Wine. Formerly Magics Wine Guide and Reviews for Newbies

03. Europe – Wine Regions & Grape Varieties

Champagne

Pinot Noir (red), Pinot Meunier (red), Chardonnay.

Burgundy

(white)

Chablis, Macon, Pouilly Fuisse, Montrachet – Chardonnay.

Sauvignon St BrisSauvignon Blanc.

Other White – Aligote.

Rule of thumb here with white Burgundy. Unless the label states otherwise all white Burgundy will be Chardonnay.

(red)

The Cote d’or, Cote Chalonnaise – Pinot Noir.

Macon, Beaujolais – Gamay.

Alsace

(white)

Gewürztraminer.

Pinot Blanc.

Pinot Gris. The proper name for Pinot Grigio.

Riesling.

Muscat.

Sylvaner.

(red)

Pinot Noir.

Loire

(white)

Sancerre, Pouilly Fume, Touraine – Sauvignon Blanc.

Vouvray – Chenin Blanc

Muscadet -Melon de Bourgogne or just Muscadet.

(red, rose)

Gamay.

Cabernet Franc.

Pinot Noir.

Grolleau.

Bordeaux

(white)

Semillon.

Sauvignon Blanc.

Muscadelle. Used mainly in small amounts for sweet wines.

(red)

Cabernet Sauvignon.

Merlot.

Cabernet franc.

Petit Verdot. Only small amounts nowadays.

The Rhone Valley

(white)

Viognier.

Marsanne.

Rousanne.

Clairette.

Grenache Blanc.

(red)

Cote Rotie, Saint Joseph, Crozes Hermitage, Cornas – Syrah (aka Shiraz)

Grenache.

Mourvedre.

Cinsault.

Carignan.

And many others. Chateauneuf du Pape primarily uses all these but can be a blend of up to 13 different varieties.

South West France

(white)

Cotes de Gascogne, VDP du Gers – Ugni Blanc + others.

(red)

Malbec.

Merlot.

Tannat.

South of France

All the varieties from around France plus a load of unusual types used in blending Vin De Pay (everyday table) wines.

Italy

North West Italy

Piemonte

(white)

Cortese. The main grape for Gavi.

(red)

Nebbiolo. The main grape for Barolo.

Barbera.

Dolcetto.

North East Italy

Trentino – Alto Adige

(white)

Riesling.

Gewürztraminer.

Pinot Grigio. AKA Pinot Gris.

Others.

(red)

Schiava.

Lagrein.

Teroldego.

Friuli – Venezia Giulia

(white)

Tocai Friulano.

Pinot Gris.

Others.

(red)

Refosco.

Merlot.

Cabernet Franc.

Cabernet Sauvignon.

Veneto 

(white)

Garganega. The main grape for Soave.

(red)

Corvina. Used for Valpolicella and Amarone.

Rondinella.

Molinara.

Merlot.

Central & West Italy 

Emilia – Romagna

(white)

Trebbiano.

(red)

Lambrusco.

Sangiovese.

Tuscany

(white)

Vernaccia.

(red)

Sangiovese. The main grape for Chianti.

Cabernet Sauvignon. Used in Super Tuscan wines.

Merlot.

Marche 

(white)

Verdicchio.

(red)

Montepulciano.

Umbria

(white)

Trebbiano. All used in Orvieto.

Grechetto.

Malvasia.

Verdello.

Lazio

(white)

Malvasia. Both used for Frascati.

Trebbiano.

Abruzzo

(white)

Trebbiano.

(red)

Montepulciano.

South Italy 

Campania

(red)

Aglianico.

Puglia 

(red)

Negroamaro.

Malvasia Nera.

Primitivo. AKA Zinfandel.

Others.

Basilicata

(red)

Aglianico.

Sicily 

(white)

Chardonnay.

Catarratto.

Others.

(red)

Nero d’Avola.

Cabernet Sauvignon.

Syrah.

Others.

Portugal

Northern Portugal

Vinho Verde

(white)

Loureiro.

Paderna.

Alvarinho. AKA Albarino.

(red)

Jaen.

Touriga Nacional.

Tinto Roriz. AKA Tempranillo.

Baga.

Southern Portugal

(white)

Roupeiro.

Antao Vaz.

Arinto.

International Varieties.

(red)

Castelao Frances.

Trincadeira.

Aragonez.

International Varieties.

Spain

Rioja

(white)

Viura.

Malvasia.

Garnacha Blanca.

(red, rose)

Tempranillo. Leading variety in all Rioja.

Garnacha. AKA Grenache.

Mazuelo.

Graciano.

Navarra

(red, rose)

Tempranillo.

Garnacha.

Cabernet Sauvignon.

Merlot.

Somontano

(white)

Macabeo.

Chardonnay.

Chenin Blanc.

Gewürztraminer.

(red, rose)

Cabernet Sauvignon.

Merlot.

Pinot Noir.

Local Varieties.

Catalunya 

(white)

Parellada.

Chardonnay.

Xarel-lo.

Macabeo.

(red)

Tempranillo.

Cabernet Sauvignon.

Grenache.

Syrah. AKA Shiraz.

Pinot Noir.

Carinena. AKA Carignan.

Monestrall. AKA Mourvedre or Mataro.

The Duero Valley

(white)

Verdejo. Not to be confused with Verdelho.

Sauvignon Blanc.

(red)

Tempranillo.

Galicia. Rias Baixas

(white)

Albarino.

The Levant. Valencia

(white & red)

Local Varieties.

The Meseta. La Mancha

(white)

Airen.

(red)

Tempranillo.

Cabernet Sauvignon.

Syrah.

The Meseta. Valdepenas 

(red)

Tempranillo.

Other Europe

Austria

(white)

Gruner Veltliner.

Riesling.

(red)

Blaufrankisch.

Bulgaria 

(white)

Chardonnay.

(red)

Cabernet Sauvignon.

Merlot.

Melnik.

Croatia

(white)

Grape

Origin / other names

Usage

Bogdanuša[6]

Origin: Stari Grad Plain on Hvar [1]

Central & South Dalmatia, esp. Hvar

Bratkovina[7]

Origin: Dalmatia[7]

Central & South Dalmatia, esp. Korčula

Cetinjka Bijela[8]

Central & South Dalmatia, esp. KorčulaHvarMljetPeljesac[8]

Chardonnay

Moslavina, Plešivica, Podunavlje, Pokuplje, Prigorje – Bilogora, Slavonia, Zagorje – Međimurje, Istria, Croatian Coast, North Dalmatia, Dalmatian Interior (everywhere except Central & South Dalmatia)

Debit[9]

Origin: Came to Dalmatia from Puglia, Italy,[1] but may originate from Turkey[9]

North Dalmatia, Dalmatian Interior, Central & South Dalmatia[9]

Gegić[10]

Debeljan

Croatian Coast, esp. the islands such as Rab

Graševina

Welschriesling, Laški rizling, Italian Riesling, Olaszriesling/Origin: May be France.[1]

Widely grown throughout the Continental Region. [1] Slavonia produces the largest number of premium quality Graševina wines.

Grk[11]

Origin: Lumbarda on Korčula[1]

Central & South Dalmatia, esp. Korčula, Mljet and Peljesac

Kraljevina

Origin: Zeline, Prigorje[1]

Moslavina, Prigorje – Bilogora, Zagorje-Međimurje

Kujundžuša

Origin: Imotsko Polje.[1] Kojunđuša, tvrdac, tvrdorijez, žutac, ruderuša bijela

Dalmatian Interior

Kurtelaška bijela

Indigenous Dalmatian variety

Central & South Dalmatia, esp. Vis and nearby islands

Malvazija Istarska

Theoretically, Malvasia but more testing is needed[1]

Istria, north Croatian Coast

Malvasia Dubrovačka

Origin: somewhere around the Mediterranean (not Malvazija Istarska or Italian Malvasia grape)[1]

Central & South Dalmatia

Maraština

Origin: possibly Italy or Dalmatia.[1]Krizol, Rukatac

Croatian Coast, North Dalmatia, Central & South Dalmatia, esp. Korčula andPeljesac, Dalmatian Interior

Manzoni bijeli

Incroccio manzoni. Hybrid Pinot Blanc/German Riesling

Moslavina, Plešivica, Podunavlje, Prigorje-Bilogora, Slavonia

Moslavac

Origin: possibly Hungary.[1] šipon, mosler, furmint

Grown throughout the Continental region

Muškat bijeli

Muscat Blanc à Petits Grains

Plešivica, Pokuplje, Prigorje-Bilogora, Zagorje-Međimurje, Istria (dessert wines)

Muškat žuti

Yellow Muscat, Muškat momjanski

Plešivica, Pokuplje, Prigorje – Bilogora, Zagorje-Međimurje, Istria, Croatian Coast (dessert wines)

Muškat ottonel

Muscat Ottonel

Plešivica, Podunavlje, Pokuplje, Slavonia, Zagorje-Međimurje, Istria (dessert wines)

Neuburger

Austrian variety

Plešivica, Pokuplje

Parč

Indigenous to Hvar

Central & South Dalmatia, esp. Hvar

Pinot Bijeli

Pinot Blanc

Continental region, Istria, Croatian Coast, Dalmatian Interior

Pinot Sivi

Pinot Gris

Continental region, Istria, Croatian Coast, Dalmatian Interior

Plavec Žuti

Old variety from NW Croatia

Moslavina, Podunavlje, Pokuplje, Prigorje-Bilogora

Pošip

Origin: Smokvica on Korčula.[1]

North Dalmatia, Central & South Dalmatia, Dalmatian islands

(Rajnski) Rizling

German Riesling

Grown throughout Continental region, producing many premium wines

Rizvanac bijeli

Müller-Thurgau

Grown throughout Continental region

Rkaciteli

Moldavian variety

North Dalmatia

Ružica Crvena

Prigorje, Slavonia

Sauvignon (bijeli)

Sauvignon Blanc

Continental region, Istria, Croatian Coast

Silvanac zeleni

Silvaner

Throughout Continental region

Šipelj

Indigenous to NW Croatia

Pokuplje

Škrlet

Origin: Moslavina[1]

Moslavina, Prigorje-Bilogora

Traminac

Gewürztraminer, Traminac Mirisni

Continental region

Trbljan bijeli

Kuč, Trebbiano romagnolo

Croatian Coast, North Dalmatia, Central & South Dalmatia

Trebbiano toscano

Istria, North Dalmatia, Central & South Dalmatia

Verduzzo

Istria

Vugava

Origin: Vis.[1] bugava, ugava, viškulja

Central & South Dalmatia, esp. Vis

Zelenac

Zelinika

Plešivica, Slavonia, Zagorje-Međimurje

Žilavka

Originates from Herzegovina

Southern Dalmatia

Žlahtina

Origin: Croatian Coast[1]

Istria, Croatian Coast, esp. Krk

(red)

Grape

Origin / Other names

Usage

Alicante Bouschet

French hybrid of Grenache and Petit Bouschet

Moslavina, Podunavlje, Prigorje-Bilogora, Istria

Babić

Origin: around PrimoštenDalmatia[1]

Croatian Coast, North Dalmatia, Central & South Dalmatia

Barbera

Istria

Borgonja Crna

Cultivar of Gamay

Istria

Cabernet Franc

Moslavina, Podunavlje, Prigorje-Bilogora, Slavonia, Istria, North Dalmatia, Central & South Dalmatia

Cabernet Sauvignon

Moslavina, Podunavlje, Prigorje-Bilogora, Slavonia, Istria, Croatian Coast, North Dalmatia, Dalmatian Interior, Central & South Dalmatia

Carignan

North Dalmatia

Crljenak Kaštelanski

Zinfandel, Primitivo, one parent of Plavac Mali [12]

Hvar, Pelješac but rarely grown

Dobričić

Indigenous to Šolta, other parent of Plavac Mali

Central & South Dalmatia, esp. Šolta

Drnekuša

Darnekuša, Drnekuša Crna

Central & South Dalmatia, esp. Hvar

Frankovka

Blaufränkisch, Kékfrankos, Lemberger, Frankonia

Continental Region, Croatian Coast

Gamay bojadiser

Gamay

Moslavina, Prigorje-Bilogora, Zagorje-Međimurje

Grenaš crni

Grenache

North Dalmatia, Dalmatian Interior

Hrvatica

Croatina, Croattina, croatizza. Originates from North Italy

Istria

Jarbola

Related to Hrvatica

Croatian Coast

Lasina

Origin: north Dalmatia[1]

North Dalmatia (dessert wine prošek)

Lovrijenac

St Laurent

Moslavina, Plešivica, Pokuplje, Prigorje-Bilogora, Zagorje-Međimurje

Merlot

Podunavlje, Pokuplje, Prigorje-Bilogora, Slavonia, Istria, Croatian Coast, North Dalmatia, Dalmatian Interior, Central & South Dalmatia

Muškat ruža crni

Moscato delle rose nero, Muscat des roses noir, Rosenmuskateller blauer

Istria, Central & South Dalmatia

Nebbiolo

Italy

Croatian Coast

Ninčuša

Indigenous to Dalmatia

Dalmatian Interior, Central & South Dalmatia

Okatac

ružica crvena, glavinuša

Dalmatian Interior, Central & South Dalmatia

Pinot crni

Burgundac crni, Pinot noir

Continental Region, Istria, Croatian Coast

Plavac Mali

Origin: central and south Dalmatia.[1]Pagadebit

Dalmatian Interior, Central & South Dalmatia

Plavina

Origin: Dalmatia.[1] Plavka, Plajka, Brajda, Brajdica

Istria, Croatian Coast, North Dalmatia, Central & South Dalmatia

Portugizac

Blauer Portugieser, Austria

Continental Region

Refošk

Refosco Origin: Italy.[1]

Istria

Susac Crni

Sansigot, sujćan, tvardo grozje, sanseg, Sušćan crni

North Dalmatia esp Susac, Lošinj, Cres, and the Kvarner Island region

Svrdlovina crna

Galica

North Dalmatia

Syrah

Shiraz

Slavonia, Istria, Croatian Coast, North Dalmatia, Dalmatian Interior

Teran

Terrano[1]

Istria

Tocai Friulano

Istria

Trnjak

Rudežuša

Dalmatian Interior, Central & South Dalmatia

Vranac

Vranec

North Dalmatia

Zadarka crna

North Dalmatia

Zweigelt

Continental Region

Information sourced from Wikipedia

England/Wales 

(white)

Various. More and more international varieties are being planted.

(red)

Rondo.

Dornfelder.

Pinot Noir.

Others.

Greece/Cyprus

(white)

Assyrtiko.

Various local & International varieties.

(red)

Xinomavro.

Agiorgitiko.

Various local & International varieties.

Hungary 

(white)

Furmint. Used for Tokaji.

Harslevelu.

Chardonnay.

Irsai Oliver.

Pinot Gris.

(red)

Cabernet Franc.

Cabernet Sauvignon.

Kekfrancos. Used mainly for Bulls Blood.

Romania

(white)

International Varieties.

Others.

(red)

Pinot Noir.

Merlot.

Switzerland 

(white)

Chasselas.

Aligote.

(red)

Pinot Noir.

Gamay.

Merlot.

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